Journals →  Chernye Metally →  2023 →  #4 →  Back

Metallology and Metallography
ArticleName Study of technological and operational features of high-temperature-resistant composite films for laser marking of parts made of ferrous alloys
DOI 10.17580/chm.2023.04.12
ArticleAuthor E. I. Pryakhin, E. Yu. Troshina

St. Petersburg Mining University, St. Petersburg, Russia:

E. I. Pryakhin, Dr. Eng., Prof., Head of the Dept. of Materials Science and Technology of Art Products, e-mail:
E. Yu. Troshina, Postgraduate Student, Dept. of Materials Science and Technology of Art Products, e-mail:


In industrial enterprises, imported acrylic-based polymer films are usually used for laser marking of equipment and machinery with surfaces made of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. Since these films are marked and engraved with lasers, they are called laser films in the market environment and in production. Laser films play the role of flexible nameplates: they are marked and pasted on products and products in the form of labels. But acrylic foreign films have a limited operating temperature and cannot be used on products and workpieces experiencing heating above 300 °C. Due to Western sanctions, their import into Russia is limited. The new Russian composite film of the LP series based on organosilicon compounds acts as a domestic alternative to foreign analogues, and also surpasses their temperature resistance characteristics. An important characteristic of the laser film is not only temperature resistance, but also the possibility of obtaining high-quality contrast markings with high resolution, since modern markings include not only alphanumeric information, but also dense two-matrix barcodes. In this regard, in this paper, a comparative study of the laser sensitivity of the German acrylic film tesa 6930 and the Russian organosilicon film of the LP series is carried out. Technological modes of marking are determined. The high temperature resistance of the LP series film is also demonstrated at different temperature ranges from 300 to 1000 °C. Laser exposure to the film is carried out on a pulsed nanosecond system common among manufacturing companies with an infrared radiation wavelength of 1,064 microns and an average output power of 20 watts. The film is fixed on the surface of steel grade 0,1C18Cr9Ni, imitating products. The samples are tested for temperature resistance in a chamber-type thermal furnace.

keywords Marking on metal, barcodes, matrix identification codes, laser marking, thermal stability, silicon films

1. Schuitemaker Reuben, Xu Xun. Product traceability in manufacturing: A technical review. Procedia CIRP. 2020. Vol. 93. pp. 700–705. DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2020.04.078
2. Ganzulenko O. Y., Petkova A. P. Testing a nano-barcodes marking technology for identification and protection of the mechanical products. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020. No. 1. pp. 1–7. DOI: 10.1088/1742–6596/1582/1/012032
3. Bakaev А., Koptev D. Marking of oil and oil products. Energeticheskaya politika. 2021. No. 6 (160). pp. 92–107. DOI: 10.46920/2409-5516_2021_6160_92
4. Golubenko О. А., Finaenova E. V., Svekolnikova О. Yu., Timush L. G., Shevchenko N. V. Digitalization of consumer goods labeling. Promyshlennost: ekonomika, upravlenie, tekhnologii. 2020. No. 3 (82). pp. 7–11.
5. Gorbovets М. А., Slavin А. V. Coded marking of specimens for high temperature tests. Trudy VIAM. 2019. No. 10 (82). pp. 125–132. DOI: 10.18577/2307-6046-2019-0-10-125-132
6. Tezina N. N. Labeling of medicines from the manufacturer to the end user. Vrach i informatsionnye tekhnologii. 2019. No. 3. pp. 6–13.
7. Ahearne E. Engineering the surface for direct part marking (DPM). CIRP. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology. 2020. Vol. 29. pp. 1–10.
8. Li C. L., Lu C., Li J. M. Nanosecond laser direct-part marking of data matrix symbols on titanium alloy substrates. Key Engineering Materials. 2018. Vol. 764. pp. 194–200.
9. Vedel-Smith N., Lenau T. Casting traceability with direct part marking using reconfigurable pin-type tooling based on paraffin–graphite actuators. Journal of Manufacturing Systems. 2012. Vol. 31. pp. 113–120. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmsy.2011.12.001
10. Xia-Shuang Li, Wei-Ping He, Lei Lei, Jian Wang et al. Laser direct marking applied to rasterizing miniature Data Matrix Code on aluminum alloy. Optics & Laser Technology. 2016. Vol. 77. pp. 31–39. DOI: 10.1016/J.OPTLASTEC.2015.08.020
11. Kantyukov R. R., Zapevalov D. N., Vagapov R. К. Analysis of the application and impact of carbon dioxide environments on the corrosive state of oil and gas facilities. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2021. Vol. 250. pp. 578–856. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2021.4.11
12. Konchus D. A. et al. Temperature influence on readability of the QR-code on titanium alloy. Key Engineering Materials. 2022. Vol. 909. pp. 54–59. DOI: 10.4028/p-4hhoi9
13. Kučera M., Švantnera M., Smazalová E. Influence of laser marking on stainless steel surface and corrosion resistance. METAL 2014 – 23rd International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials. Conference Proceedings. 2014. Vol. 1. pp. 890–895.
14. Pryakhin Е. I., Mikhailov А. V., Sivenkov А. V. Technological features of surface alloying of metal products with Cr-Ni complexes in the medium of low-melting metal melts. Chernye Metally. 2023. No. 2. pp. 58–65. DOI: 10.17580/chm.2023.02.09
15. Sharapova D. M., Ganzulenko O. Y., Sharapov M. G. A secondary heat effect on the properties of K70 strength class steel for trunk pipelines. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020. No. 1. pp. 1–5. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/826/1/012024
16. Pryakhin Е. I., Troshina Е. А. Degradation induced by thermal and chemical impacts on matrix codes installed on brass and aluminum alloy parts by laser. Tsvetnye Metally. 2022. No. 7. pp. 87–91. DOI: 10.17580/tsm.2022.07.10
17. Dzembak Yu. Modern marking technologies for electronics and instrumentation. Komponenty i Technologii. 2002. No. 26. pp. 150, 151.
18. Simonov R. New 3M materials for identification and marking: temperature and chemical resistance are guaranteed. Komponenty i Technologii. 2004. No. 38. pp. 176, 177.
19. Gendler S. G., Fazylov I. R., Abashin А. N. The results of experimental studies of the thermal mode of oil mines in the thermal method of oil production. Gorny informatsionnoanaliticheskiy byulleten. 2022. No. 6-1. pp. 248–262. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_61_0_248
20. Maksarov V. V., Gorshkov I. V., Khalimonenko А. D. Improvement of the performance of a multi-blade tool based on selective equipment with cutting ceramics. Chernye Metally. 2022. No. 6. pp. 75–80. DOI: 10.17580/chm.2022.06.12
21. Syrkov А. G., Yachmenova L. А. Features of obtaining metallurgical products under conditions of solid-state hydride synthesis. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2022. No. 256. pp. 651–662. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2022.25
22. Panoev N. Sh., Akhmedov V. N., Khamrokulov Sh. Sh. Obtaining heat-resistant coatings based on hydrolyzed acrylic emulsions and organosilicon compounds. Universum: tekhnicheskie nauki. 2020. No. 12 (81). pp. 27–30.
23. Kisel А. G., Belan D. Yu., Toder G. B. Investigation of the possibility of pure laser processing of workpieces from aluminum alloy D16. Obrabotka metallov: tekhnologiya, oborudovanie, instrumenty. 2020. No. 3. pp. 33–43.
24. Kotov S. А., Lyabin N. А., Blinkov V. V., Kondratyuk D. I., Bibik О. B., Popov D. S. Experimental evaluation of the modes of dimensional machining of carbon plastics by pulsed nanosecond radiation of an ytterbium fiber laser. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta imeni N. E. Baumana. Seriya "Mashinostroenie". 2017. No.1 (112). pp. 73–85.
25. Yurevich V. I. et al. Optical design and performance of F-Theta lenses for high-power and high-precision applications. SPIE Optical Systems Design. 2015. DOI: 10.1117/12.2190777
26. Pisankova V. А., Khokhlova P. V. Product labeling: current state and development prospects. Razvitie tamozhennogo dela Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Dalnevostochny vektor. 2021. No. 1. pp. 185–188. DOI: 10.24412/cl-36450-2021-1-185-188
27. Bazhin V. Yu., Issa B. Influence of heat treatment on the microstructure of steel coils of a heating tube furnace. Zapiski Gornogo instituta. 2021. No. 249. pp. 393–400. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2021.3.8
28. Alekseev V. I., Barakhtin B. К., Zhukov А. S. Chemical inhomogeneity as a factor in increasing the strength of steels manufactured using selective laser melting technology. Zapiski Gornogo institute. 2020. No. 242. pp. 191–196. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2020.2.191
29. Amiaga J. V., Gorny S. G., Vologzhanina S. А. Method of convex marking of the surfaces of steel products using a pulsed 50-W infrared fiber laser. Russian Metallurgy (Metally). 2020. Vol. 13. pp. 1513–1517. DOI: 10.1134/S0036029520130042
30. Amiaga J. V., Ramos-Velazquez A., Gorny S., Vologzhanina S. A., Michtchenko A. Groove formation on metal substrates by nanosecond laser removal of melted material. Metally. 2021. Vol. 11 (12). pp. 20–26. DOI: 10.3390/met11122026

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy