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ArticleName Properties and structure of joints of alloy 1151 of the Al – Cu – Mg system, obtained by friction stir welding with forced cooling of the seam
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2020.11.10
ArticleAuthor Drits A. M., Ovchinnikov V. V., Solovieva I. V., Bakshaev V. A.

JSC Arсonic SMZ, Moscow, Russia:

A. M. Drits, Director for Business Development and New Technologies, Candidate of Technical Sciences, e-mail:


Moscow Polytechnic University, Moscow, Russia:
V. V. Ovchinnikov, Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, e-mail:


JSC MIC “NPO Mashinostroyenia”, Reutov, Russia:
I. V. Solovieva, Head of Laboratory


CJSC Cheboksary Enterprise “Sespel”, Cheboksary, Russia:
V. A. Bakshaev, Director


The mechanical and corrosion properties of butt welded joints of 5 mm thick sheets of alloy 1151 of the Al – Cu – Mg system in the T temper (Hardening and natural aging) obtained by friction stir welding in air and under water are studied. It is established that forced cooling of the welded joint with water helps to increase the strength of the weld, slightly changing the properties of the welded joint. The destruction of the welded joint in both cases occurs along the thermomechanical influence zone (ZTMV). The strength of the welded joint is 0.8 of the strength of the base metal. When friction stir welding with stirring under water, in comparison with welding in air in the mixing zone, an increase in microhardness by 20% and a decrease in grain size from 9.8 to 4.8 microns are observed. Friction stir welding with stirring under water halves the length of the heat affected zone and does not affect the grain size in this zone. Intergranular corrosion of the base metal is 0.05 mm and is the lowest of all structural zones of the butt joint. When welding in air, the zone of thermal influence (HAZ) is most susceptible to intergranular corrosion — 0.35 mm. To a slightly lesser extent, intergranular corrosion is manifested in the zone of thermomechanical action (0.28 mm). After the base metal, weld metal (ZP) of 0.18 mm has the greatest resistance to intergranular corrosion. Due to the higher cooling rate during forced cooling in water, the resistance to intergranular corrosion of all zones of the welded joint (except the base metal) decreases by about 1.4–2 times depending on the structural zone. The greatest decrease in corrosion resistance to intergranular corrosion is observed for the thermomechanical impact zone (0.14 mm instead of 0.28 mm).

keywords 1151T aluminum alloy, friction stir welding, forced cooling of the joint, mechanical properties, grain size, intergranular corrosion

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