Journals →  Chernye Metally →  2019 →  #11 →  Back

Economics and Finances
ArticleName The steel industry in the Far East: environment and development prospects
ArticleAuthor G. I. Arkhipov

Institute of Mining Matter of the RAS Far East Affiliate (Khabarovsk, Russia):

Arkhipov G. I., Cand. Geol.-Min., Leading Scientific Researcher, e-mail:


The importance and necessity of development of iron ore industry and ferrous metallurgy in the Far East of Russia is determined by the purpose and objectives of the national program of the Russian Federation “Social and economic development of the Far East and the Baikal region”. The share of the region in the national steel production in the last 30 years was 0.3–1.65 % (in absolute terms, 0.15–1.4 million tons per year), the production of finished steel — 0.3–1.9% (0.13–1.9 million tons per year). The state and regional characteristics of mineral resources, primarily iron ore and manganese, the beginning of the work of iron ore Kimkan-Sutarsky GOK, readiness for the development of Garinsky iron ore and Poperechnoe manganese ore deposits, the availability of all
kinds of auxiliary raw materials for ferrous metallurgy, other conditions allow for the creation of a new metallurgical base on the territory occupying 40% of the country’s area, without which it is difficult to imagine its actual development. Iron ore resources of the Far East are of strategic importance for the region. The development of mining and metallurgical production on the basis of the iron ore of the Evreiskaya autonomous and Amurskaya regions, the construction of the Far Eastern metallurgical complex and the creation of a ferroalloy sub-industry will lead to intraregional integration of the economies of the subjects of Far East Federal region on the basis of the development of metallurgy-related mineral resources and the use of final products, will create prerequisites for a more rapid transition to the industrial type of development of the southern part of the DFO. The issue of state participation in the creation of the Far Eastern metallurgical plant is relevant. The state should have the right to decide on the issue of the far-eastern steel industry, since there is a factor of uncertainty and delay in the timing of the implementation of raw materials and metallurgical projects by the participating companies.

keywords Ferrous metallurgy, iron ore resources, mining and smelting complex, ferroalloys, Komsomolsk-on-Amur metallurgical complex, Far Eastern region

1. Konoplev I. I. Far East iron and steel base. Khabarovsk: Khabarovskoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo, 1966. 136 p.
2. Uskov М. Е. Issues of development of metallurgical production in the Far East. Proceedings of the All-Union scientific and practical conference “Development and deployment of productive forces and transport support of the Far Eastern Economic Region. Khabarovsk, 1984. pp. 9–12.
3. Kantemirov V. D., Titov R. S., Yakovlev М. А. The main trends in productionof iron ore in Russia. Gornaya promyshlennost. 2018. No. 1(137). pp. 72–74.
4. Samoylova G. G. About the project to create a mining and metallurgical cluster in the Amur Region. Mineralnye resursy Rossii. Ekonomika i upravlenie. 2009. No. 6. pp. 60–65.
5. Samoylova G. G. Alternative to scrap is granular cast iron. Metally Evrazii. 2011. No. 4. pp. 30–32.
6. Makarov Yu. V. Innovation approaches in development of mineral and raw material base of the Far East on the example of creation of the metallurgical cluster in Amur region / Official website of All-Russian scientific and research geological institute named after A. P. Karpinskiy. [Electronic resource]. Available at: (accessed: 27.09.2019).
7. Arkhipov G. I. Far Eastern ferrous metallurgy: iron ore resource base and development opportunities. Khabarovsk: Institut gornogo dela DVO RAN, 2005. 234 p.
8. Arkhipov G. I. Prospects of the Baikal-Amur Railway Zone for Iron Ores. Sovetskaya geologiya. 1979. No. 11. pp. 78–89.
9. Arkhipov G. I. The issues of the Far Eastern ferrous metallurgy: a review of the status and priorities. Problemy prognozirovaniya. 2017. No. 3. pp. 42–51.
10. Arkhipov G. I. Mineral resources of the mining industry of the Far East. Strategic Assessment of Development Opportunities. Khabarovsk: Institut gornogo dela DVO RAN, 2017. 820 p.
11. Avdeev V. А., Shiryaev P. А., Karavaev Е. P. Metallurgical enterprises of the USSR: structure and productivity of the main workshops. In 4 parts. Part 2. Moscow: Chermetinformatsiya, 1991. 44 p.
12. Vafin R. F., Senatorov P. P., Kuznetsov О. B., Sabitov А. А. The mineral and raw material base of non-metallic minerals of the Far East and its importance for industrial and economic development of the region. Razvedka i okhrana nedr. 2012. No. 5. pp. 27–34.
13. Aksenov Е. М., Vafin R. F., Sadykov R. К., Senatorov P. P. The state, issues of development of the raw material base of non-metallic minerals. Mineralnye resursy Rossii. Ekonomika i upravlenie. 2013. No. 5. pp. 150–163.
14. Senatorov P. P., Vafin R. F. Provision with nonmetallic raw materials for new metallurgical clusters in the Lower Amur Region and South Yakutia. Chernaya metallurgiya. Byulleten nauchno-tekhnicheskoy i ekonomicheskoy informatsii. 2013. No. 2. pp. 3–12.
15. Leontyev L. I., Zhuchkov V. I., Zhdanov А. V., Dashevsky V. Ya. The current state of ferroalloy production in Russia. Stal. 2015. No. 10. pp. 21–25.
16. Boyarko G. Yu., Khatkov V. Yu. Commercial streams of ferroalloys in Russia. Chernye Metally. 2018. No. 3. pp. 60–69.
17. Development strategy of the metallurgical industry of the Russian Federation for the period until 2015. Мoscow, 2007. 76 p.
18. Development strategy of ferrous metallurgy in Russia for 2014–2020 and for the long term to 2030. Moscow, 2014. 261 p.
19. Premature ore. Kommersant. 11 September 2017. No. 167. p. 9.
20. Danilov Yu. G., Grigoryev V. P. Development Strategy of the Far Eastern Metallurgical Cluster. EKO. 2015. No. 5. pp. 99–110.
21. Wilson J. China and the Iron Ore War. In book: Governing Global Production. 2013. pp. 150–174.
22. Sean Xun. The Mineral Industry of China. USGS. Minerals Yearbook. 2016. China. [Electronic resource]. Available at: (accessed: 27.09.2019).
23. Wilson J. Northeast Asian resource security strategies and intenational resource politics in Asia. Asian Studies Review. 2013. Vol. 38. No. 1. pp. 15–35.
24. The role of mining in national economies (3rd edition). ICMM. Oxford Policy Management. 2016. 68 p.
25. Kondratyev V. B. Resource nationalism. Gornaya promyshlennost. 2017. No. 5. pp. 8–15.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy