Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2017 →  #11 →  Back

ArticleName Mineralogical rationale for solving environmental problems of mining regions
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.11.20
ArticleAuthor Ozhogina E. G., Shadrunova I. V., Chekushina T. V.

Institute of Integrated Mineral Development – IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

E. G. Ozhogina, Chief Researcher, Professor, Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences
I. V. Shadrunova, Head of Department, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
T. V. Chekushina, Leading Researcher, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


The paper deals with a pressing issue of the environmental impact of mining due to increased accumulation of mineral mining and processing waste in dumps and tailings ponds. The waste storages occupy vast areas and damage the environment by dust and gas emission as well as water and soil pollution with toxic substances. The cardinal solution to these problems is the recycling of waste with the recovery of useful components from then and with the production of building materials. The main purpose is to reduce the volume of waste storage and to clear a part of land occupied by waste. The reasonable selection of the waste recycling methods and equipment needs complete and reliable information on structure and composition of waste bodies. Such data are provided by comprehensive mineralogical research of mineral mining and processing waste. The authors have developed a function chart of the integrated mineralogical analysis of mining and processing waste, which allows developing scientific basis for recommendations on handling environmental problems in mining regions.

keywords Mineral raw materials, environmental problems, geoecology, mineralogy, wastes, pollution, technology-generated environmental impacts, processing technology, analysis, prediction

1. Babich I. N., Getman S. V., Chistyakov D. A., Ashirbaeva E. A. Technological assessment of technogenic mineral raw materials as a factor of increase of soil use efficiency. Available at: (accessed: 17.04.2017).
2. Trubetskoy K. N., Vorobev A. E. Basis of resource-reproducing technologies of storaging and saving of illconditioned mineral raw materials. Gornyi Zhurnal. 1995. No. 5. pp. 47–51.
3. Chanturiya V. A., Shadrunova I. V., Gorlova O. E., Orekhova N. N. Formation of resource-saving technologies of processing of secondary metal-bearing raw materials on the basis of adaptation principles. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten. 2017. Special issue 1. Proceedings of international scientific symposium «Miner’s Week 2017». pp. 347–360.
4. Sekisov G. V., Taskaev A. A., Vorobev A. E. Technogenic mineral objects. Izvestiya Akademii nauk Kirgizskoy SSR. Seiya: Fiziko-tekhnicheskie i matematicheskie nauki. 1987. No. 2. pp. 72–75.
5. Maksimović M., Bugarin M., Stevanović Z., Marinković V. Technogenic deposit in the area of the old flotation tailing dump in bor (field 1 and field 2). Mining and Metallurgy Engineering Bor. 2014.
No. 3. pp. 1–16. DOI: 10.5937/MMEB1403001M. Available at: (accessed: 12.07.2017).
6. Perrett G. M., Maxwell J. A., Campbell J. L. Combined X-ray diff raction and alpha particle x-ray spectrometer analysis of geologic materials. X-Ray Spectrometry. 2017. Vol. 46, Iss. 3. pp. 171–179.
7. Ozhogina E. G., Rogozhin A. A. Requirements to mineralogical investigations during the assessment of the quality of mineral raw materials which are difficult for concentration. Geology and mineral resources of Russian European North-East : materials of the XVI Geological Meeting of the Komi Reoublic. Syktyvkar : Geoprint, 2014. Vol. 3. pp. 285–287.
8. Complex stable control of wastes. Mining industry : tutorial. Ed.: V. I. Petukhov. Moscow : ID Akademii Estestvoznaniya, 2016. 638 p.
9. Udoudo O., Folorunso O., Dodds C., Kingman S., Ure A. Understanding the performance of a pilot vermiculite exfoliation system through process mineralogy. Minerals Engineering. 2015. Vol. 82. pp. 84–91.
10. Brough C. P., Warrender R., Bowell R. J., Barnes A., Parbhakar-Fox A. The process mineralogy of mine wastes. Minerals Engineering. 2013. Vol. 52. pp. 125–135.
11. Neradovskiy Yu. N., Voytekhovskiy Yu. L., Kasikov A. G., Grishin N. N., Likhacheva S. V. Prospective ways of technological mineralogy. Trudy Fersmanovskoy nauchnoy sessii GI KNTs RAN. 2015. No. 12. pp. 355–359.
12. Ozhogin D. O., Ozhogina E. G. Future development of quantitative methods of analysis mineralogycal. Razvedka i okhrana nedr. 2017. No. 4. pp. 33–36.

Full content Mineralogical rationale for solving environmental problems of mining regions