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ArticleName Basic trends of advance in geotechnologies for deep-level ore mining
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.11.12
ArticleAuthor Aynbinder I. I., Galchenko Yu. P., Ovcharenko O. V., Patskevich P. G.

Institute of Integrated Mineral Development – IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

I. I. Aynbinder, Head of Department, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
Yu. P. Galchenko, Leading Researcher, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
O. V. Ovcharenko, Leading Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,
P. G. Patskevich, Leading Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


The scope of the article embraces the key trends of advance in geotechnologies for extraction of deep and super deep ore bodies based on the interconnection of geotechnical, geomechanical and geoecological processes that run during mineral mining. The authors illustrate the significance of detecting zones of critical stresses and finding their mechanisms in structural elements of mining systems designed for different types of deposits, based on which the mine parameters, mining direction and sequence as well as mining impact on rock mass are determined in compliance with the root geotechnology design principle, namely, provision of the conformity between the geomechanical processes and mining-induced impact on rock mass to eliminate rock mass failure. The new-developed methodological approach to the formation of nature-and-mine systems consists in the isolation of a mining-induced destruction zone in the lithology from the overall field of the geophysical change in the rock mass condition by means of separating in time the mineral mining operations and the process of overcoming the aftereffects of the geomechanical disturbance of the adjacent lithosphere areas.
This research work was carried out with the support of the grant of the Russian Scientific Funds No. 14-37-00050.

keywords Geotechnology, resource saving, upgrading, automation, backfill, great depth, mining system, functional structure of geotechnology, environmental constraints

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