Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2017 →  #8 →  Back

ArticleName Types of rare metal deposits in East Kazakhstan and their appraisal
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.08.08
ArticleAuthor Dyachkov B. A., Mataibaeva I. E., Frolova O. V., Gavrilenko O. D.

Serikbaev East Kazakhstan State Technical University, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan:

B. A. Dyachkov, Head of Laboratory, Professor, Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences,
I. E. Mataibaeva, Candidate for a Doctor’s Degree
O. V. Frolova, Candidate for a Doctor’s Degree
O. D. Gavrilenko, Vice-Rector on Science and International Cooperation, Candidate of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences


From the new theoretical standpoints of mobilism, the authors discuss the principle mechanisms of formation and occurrence of basic geological–production types of rare metal and rare earth deposits in East Kazakhstan. For a set of structural-geological and mineralogical-geochemical data, the criteria are given for the prediction and appraisal of epi-magmatic rare-earth, pegmatic rare-metal and albititegreisen tin-tantalum types of mineralization, which are genetically related with the Permian granitoid magmatism of post-collision (orogenic) stage in development of the geological structure of the Great Altai. It is emphasized that rare-metal granitoid masses occur belt-wise and adjoin structures of increased thickness and having a sialic-type section in the crust. In Kalba–Narym granitoid belt, Kalba granodiorites–granites are associated with the main deposits of rare-earth pegmatites, and geological–genetic model of their formation is studied in the article. In later-period Kalba granites characterized with the increased alkalinity and alumina, tin–tantalum mineralization is revealed. Coarse-grained Monastery leucogranitic granite contains much chambered crystal-bearing pegmatite and tungstenbearing quartz veins. In the Akbiik–Akzhailyaus belt of Zharma–Saura, alkaline–granite formation is genetically associated with the epi-magmatic niobium–zirconium–rare earth mineralization. In terms of the representative deposits, the authors show minerals–indicators of the mineralization process and geochemical elements–associates of rare-metal and rare-earth mineralization.

keywords East Kazakhstan, deposits, rare metals, rare earths, formation mechanisms, prediction

1. Chanturiya V. А., Chanturiya E. L., Minenko V. G., Samusev А. L. Pilot-scale testing of electrochemical water treatment method in tantalum-niobium ores processing. Obogashchenie Rud. 2017. No. 3. pp. 27–35. DOI: 10.17580/or.2017.03.05
2. Omirserikov M. Sh., Stepanenko N. I., Dyusembaeva K. Sh., Isaeva L. D. Ore-bearing weathering mantle of Kundybay rare earth deposit (North Kazakhstan). Gornyi Zhurnal. 2017. No. 2. pp. 33–38. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2017.02.06
3. Glorie S., De Grave J., Delvaux D., Buslov M. M., Zhimulev F. I., Vanhaecke F., Elburg M. A., Van den Haute P. Tectonic history of the Irtysh shear zone (NE Kazakhstan): New constraints from zircon U/Pb dating, apatite fission track dating and palaeostress analysis. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 2012. Vol. 45. pp. 138–149.
4. Dyachkov B. A. Genetic types of rare-metal deposits of Kalba-Narymskiy belt. Ust-Kamenogorsk : VKGTU, 2012. 130 p.
5. Dyachkov B. A., Zimanovskaya N., Mataibaeva I. Rare Metal Deposits of the East-Kazakhstan Geologic Position and Prognostic Criteria. Open Journal of Geology. 2013. Vol. 3, No. 7. pp. 404–409.
6. Kovalenko V. I., Yarmolyuk V. V., Andreeva I. A., Ashikhmina N. A., Kozlowsky A. M., Kudryashova E. A., Kuznetsov V. A., Listratova E. N., Lykhin D. A., Nikiforov A. V. Magma types and their sources in the Earth history. Moscow : IGEM RAN, 2006. Part 2. Rare-metal magmatism: associations of rocks, composition and sources of magmas, geodynamic environment of formation. 280 p.
7. Zou Tianren, Cao Huizhi, Wu Boging. Pegmatites of Altai province, Xinjiang. Acta Geologica Sinica. 1989. Vol. 2, No. 1. 45 р.
8. Shcherba G. N., Bespaev Kh. A., Mysnik A. M. Et al. Bolshoy Altai (geology and metallogeny) : in three books. Almaty : RIO VAK, 2000. Book 2. Metallogeny. 400 p.
9. Omirserikov M. Sh., Isaeva L. D. Geological-dynamic model of formation of rare-metal deposits of Kalba-Narym ore zone. Geological science of independent Kazakhstan: achievements and prospects : collection of articles. Almaty : Institut geologicheskih nauk, 2011. pp. 199–203.
10. Roda-Robles E., Pesquera A., Gil-Crespo P., Torres-Ruiz J. From granite to highly evolved pegmatite: A case study of the Pinilla de Fermoselle granite–pegmatite system (Zamora, Spain). Lithos. 2012. Vol. 153. pp. 192–207.
11. Akoh J., Ogunleye P. O. Mineralogical and geochemical evolution of muscovite in the pegmatite group of the Angwan Doka area, Kokoona district: A clue to petrogenesis and tourmaline mineralization potential. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2014. Vol. 146. pp. 89–104.
12. Cao M., Zhou Q.-F., Qin K. Z., Tang D.-M., Evans N. The tetrad eff ect and geochemistry of apatite from the Altay Koktokay No. 3 pegmatite, Xinjiang, China: implications for pegmatite petrogenesis. Mineralogy and Petrology. 2013. Vol. 107, Iss. 6. pp. 985–1005.
13. Morgan G. B., London D. Alteration of amfibolitic walrocks around the Tanco rare-element pegmatite, Bernic Lake, Manitova. Amer. Mineral. 1987. Vol. 72. pp. 1097–1121.
14. Mataibaeva I. E., Dyachkov B. A., Chernenko Z. I. et al. The content of tantalum in granitoids of Kalba. Green economy is the future of humanity : Materials of International Scientific and Practical Conference. Ust-Kamenogorsk, 2014. pp. 285–296.
15. Abdulin A. A., Kayupov A. K., Li V. G. et al. Kazakhstan metallogeny. Ore formations. Rare-metal ore deposits. Alma-Ata : Nauka, 1981. 207 p.
16. Annikova I. Yu., Vladimirov A. G., Smirnov S. Z., Gavryushkina O. A. Geology and mineralogy of Alakhinskoe deposit of spodumene granite-porphyry (Gornyi Altai, Russia). Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy. 2016. Vol. 58, No. 5. pp. 451–475.
17. Safonova I. The Russian-Kazakh Altai orogen: An overview and main detatable issues. Geascience Frontiers. 2014. No. 5, Iss. 4. pp. 537–552.
18. Zagorsky V. E., Vladimirov A. G., Makagon V. M., Kuznecova L. G., Smirnov S. Z., Dyachkov B. A., Annikova I. Yu., Shokalsky S. P., Uvarov A. N. Large fields of spodumene pegmatites in the settings of rifting and postcollisionak shear-pull-apart dislocftions of continental lithosphere. Russian Geology and Geophisics. 2014. Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 303–322.
19. Khromykh S. V., Tsygankov A. A., Kotler P. D., Navozov O. V., Kruk N. N., Vladimirov A. G., Travin A. V., Yudin D. S., Burmakina G. N., Khubanov V. B., Buyantuev M. D., Antsiferova T. N., Karavaeva G. S. Late-Paleozoic granitoid magmatism of Eastern Kazakhstan and Western Transbaikalian region: testing of plume model. Geologiya i geofizika. 2016. Vol. 57, No. 5. pp. 983–1004.
20. Rafi kov Ya. M. Ore-bearing capacity of early-Perm rocks of granite-leucogranite formation on rare earths (Chatkalo-Kuraminskaya active continental margin). Granites and evolution of Earth: granites and continental crust : collection of proceedings of the II International Conference. Novosibirsk : Izdatelstvo SO RAN, 2014. pp. 172–174.
21. Yarmolyuk V. V., Lykhin D. A., Kozlovskiy A. M, Nikiforov A. V., Travin A. V. Composition, sources and mechanisms of formation of rare-metal granitoids of late-Paleozoic Eastern-Sayany zone of alkaline magmatism (on the example of Ulan-Tologoy). Petrologiya. 2016. Vol. 24, No. 5. pp. 515–536.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy