Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2017 →  #6 →  Back

ArticleName Diagnostics of service performance of diamond powders and diamond powder-based composite materials
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.06.15
ArticleAuthor Safonova M. N., Syromyatnikova A. S., Fedotov A. A.

Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia:

M. N. Safonova, Head of a Chair, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,

A. A. Fedotov, Senior Lecturer


Larionov Institute of Physico-Technical Problems of the North, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia:
A. S. Syromyatnikova, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sciences


Application of diamond powders is preceded by diagnostics of their running properties or characteristics. The diagnostics data are equally important for manufactures and consumers of diamond powders. The former need these data to standardize powders, the latter require this information for the efficient and rational utilization when engineering diamond-abrasive tools or diamond-based composite materials. However, the conventional methods set by the current standards for detecting many characteristics of powders of superhard materials (SHM) are time- and laborconsuming. Intensification of the process, as the review of recent publications shows, follows the way of improvement of diagnostic equipment, in particular, automation of testing, taking of data and their preprocessing. Considerable success is achieved for the characteristics of dimension, geometry and morphology (together with morphometry) owing to the computer-aided digital imaging. The article emphasizes that this approach to intensification of diagnostics of SHM powder characteristics conforms with the high potential of the modern equipment intended for the implementation of the approach. The authors present new computer-assisted informative analytical methods for diagnostics and evaluation of service performance of diamond powders, other SHM powders and powder-based composite materials, to be implemented using the modern data acquisition equipment.

keywords Superhard materials, diamond powders, abrasive tools, active grains, composite materials, diagnostics

1. Novikov N. V., Bogatyreva G. P. Nanodiamonds of static and detonation syntheses and prospects for their applications. Sverkhtverdye materialy. 2008. No. 2. pp. 3–12.
2. Novikov N. V., Bogatyreva G. P., Voloshin M. N. Detonation diamonds in Ukraine. Fizika tverdogo tela. 2004. Vol. 46, Iss. 4. pp. 585–590.
3. Vityaz P. A. The state of the art and prospects of detonation-synthesis nanodiamond applications in Belarus. Fizika tverdogo tela. 2004. Vol. 46, Iss. 4. pp. 591–595.
4. Yan G., Yue W., Meng D., Lin F., Wu Z., Wang C. Wear performances and mechanisms of ultrahard polycrystalline diamond composite material grinded against granite. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials. 2016. Vol. 54. pp. 46–53.
5. Tillmann W., Biermann D., Weihs C., Ferreira M., Nellesen J., Kansteiner M., Herbrandt S. Influence of the Diamond Size and Diamond Distribution on the Wear Behaviour of Sintered Diamond-Metal Composites during the Machining of Reinforced Concrete. Investigations by Computer Tomography and Statistical Evaluations. Available at: (accessed: 25.04.2017).
6. Steffen A., Ferreira M., Paulus M., Tillmann W., Tolan M. Structure Analysis of the Interracial Region between Diamonds and Metal Matrices. Proceedings of the International Euro Powder Metallurgy Congress and Exhibition, 16–19 September 2012. Vol. 2: Hard Materials & Diamond Tooling. Shrewsbury : EPMA, 2012. pp. 125–130.
7. Kröner S., Carbó M. Т. D. Determination of minimum pixel resolution for shape analysis: Proposal of a new data validation method for computerized images. Powder Technology. 2013. Vol. 245. pp. 297–313.
8. Petasyuk G. A., Sirota Yu. V. Analytical determination of the number of grains in a carat of diamond powder using an extrapolation–affine 3D model of a grain. Sverkhtverdye materialy. 2012. No. 3. pp. 70–82.
9. Petasyuk G. A. Analytical determination of the number of grains in a carat of diamond powder using an extrapolation–affine 3D model of a grain. Sverkhtverdye materialy. 2010. No. 2. pp. 80–95.
10. Akifumi Onodera, Katsuhisa Furuno, Shuji Yazu. Synthetic Diamond as a Pressure Generator. Science. 1986. Vol. 232. pp. 1419–1420.
11. List E., Vollstaedt H., Frenzel J. Counting particles per carat by means of twodimensional image analysis. 5th Zhengzhou International Superhard Materials and Related Products Conference – 2008. 6 p. Available at: (accessed: 25.04.2017).
12. Engels A. The role of particles per carat in diamond tool behavior. Industrial Diamond Review. 2003. Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 39–45.
13. Lavrinenko V. I., Bogatyreva G. P., Ilnitskaya G. D., Petasyuk G. A., Smokvina V. V. Influence of morphometrical characteristics of synthetic analysis powders AS6 on the wear-resistance of polishing tool. Rock-destroying and metal-processing tool – technics and technology of its manufacturing and application : collection of scientific proceedings. Kiev : ISM imeni V. N. Bakulya NAN Ukrainy, 2012. Iss. 15. pp. 484–490.
14. Seiri Matsui. Statistical approach to drinding mechanism influence of the distribution in depth for the position of grain tip angles. Technology Reports Tohoki University. 1978. Vol. 32, Nо. 2. pp. 297–312.
15. Novikov N. V., Nikitin Yu. I., Petasyuk G. A. Computer-simulated diagnostic sieve for determination of the grit size and granulometric composition of microscopic samples of diamond grits. Sverkhtverdye materialy. 2003. No. 3. pp. 71–83.
16. Safonova M. N., Syromyatnikova A. S., Shits. E. Yu. Calculation-experimental method of determining number of active grains in composite material. Trenie i iznos. 2007. No. 5. pp. 471–476.
17. State Standard GOST 9206-80. Diamond powders. Specifications. Introduced: 01.07.1981. Moscow : Izdatelstvo standartov, 1989. 55 p.
18. Syromyatnikova A. S., Safonova M. P., Tarasov P. P., Fedotov A. A. Metal-matrix composite material with variopus-disperse natural diamonds. Prospective materials with hierarchic structure for new technologies and reliable designs : thesis of report of International conference 21-25 September 2015. Tomsk : IFPM SO RAN, 2015. pp. 214–215.
19. Safonova M. N., Fedotov A. A., Syromyatnikova A. S., Tarasov P. P. Study of the Working Surface of the Tin Bronze Based Material Hardened with Ultrafine Powders of Natural Diamond. Zavodskaya laboratoriya. Diagnostika materialov. 2014. Vol. 80, No. 11. pp. 54–58.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy