Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2017 →  #2 →  Back

ArticleName Automation of rotary blasthole drilling in open pit mines
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.02.16
ArticleAuthor Shigin A. O., Gilyov A. V., Shigina A. A.

Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia:

A. O. Shigin, Associate Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences,
A. V. Gilyov, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences
A. A. Shigina, Post-Graduate Student


In Russia and abroad the main volume of drilling in open pit mines is performed by rotary drilling rigs. The article highlights the lack in the technology and equipment of rotary drilling, including the methods to optimize control over basic parameters of the process. The importance of drilling process automation, down to creation of unmanned technologies, is conditioned by a rapid rate of growth in production output and a higher personnel risk in mining under increasingly complicated operating conditions both for the machine and the operator. The need to create the remote-controlled or autonomous rotary drilling rigs is caused by the highly hazardous working conditions. The eff ective remote control of drilling requires a special technical system taking into account the peculiarities of the machine and drilling tools. Drilling in complex-structure rock masses requires continuous adjustment of operating parameters. Thus, drilling in open pit mines should be intellectualized. The article indicates the need to use adaptable rotary feeders in combination with the monitoring system for the structure and strength characteristics of rocks in the array of intelligent control of rotary drilling. It is proposed to use an adaptable sensor with the quick feedback and adaptable damping function. The problem of uncertainty of rock properties is proposed to be handled by monitoring the changes in the rock properties and by implementing stepwise adjustments of drilling parameters using the developed calculation methods.

keywords Self-contained drilling rig, intelligent drilling system, complex-structure rock mass drilling, adaptable rotary feed mechanism

1. Butkin V. D., Nekhoroshev D. B. The choice of type modles and rational exploitation of rolling cutter bits on open pits : tutorial. Krasnoyarsk : Gosudarstvennyy universitet tsvetnykh metallov i zolota, 2006. 84 p.
2. Belinkin A. A., Reshetnyak S. P., Pipchak V. S., Perevozchikov E. L., Kaira V. E. Main Aspects in Creating a New General-Purpose Drilling Rig for Open-Pit Mining. Gornaya promyshlennost. 2009. No. 1(83). pp. 46–50.
3. Kainov A. I., Krasikov V. D. Organization of a High Performance Operation of Pit Viper Boring Rig at “Tugnuysky” Open-pit Mine. Ugol. 2013. No. 1(1042). pp. 6–8.
4. Piven G. F. Condition substantiation of effi cient transition from open cast to underground mining during the combined mining of kimberlite pipes : thesis of inauguration of Dissertation ... of Doctor of Engineering Sciences. Moscow, 2012. 45 p.
5. Tianyou C., Hong W., Qin S. J., Tongwen C., Sirish L. S. Guest editorial integrated optimization of industrial automation. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering. 2014. Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 963–964.
6. Klebanov D. A., Makeev M. A. Modern state and development prospects of the systems of management of mining-transport complexes on Ukrainian mining enterprises. Gornaya promyshlennost. 2011. Special Issue. pp. 106–108.
7. Chapman C. D., Flores J. L. S., Perez R. D. L., Yu H. IADC/SPE 151736 Automated Closed-loop Drilling with ROP Optimization Algorithm Significantly Reduces Drilling Time and Improves Downhole Tool Reliability. Proceedings of the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference and Exhibition, 6–8 March 2012. Vol. 2. California : Curran Associates, Inc., 2012. pp. 1323–1330.
8. Technics, technology and experience of well drilling on pits. Ed.: V. A. Peretolchin. Moscow : Nedra, 1993. 286 p.
9. Khan G. N. Discrete element modeling of rock failure dynamics. Fiziko-tekhnicheskie problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopaemykh. 2012. No. 1. pp. 110–117.
10. Shigina A. A., Shigin A. O., Stupina A. A., Kurchin G. S., Kirsanov A. K. Model of rock drilling process in terms of roller cone bit remaining life. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research. 2016. Vol. 11, No. 19. pp. 9792–9799.
11. Stupina A. A., Shigina A. А., Shigin A. O., Karaseva M. V., Ezhemanskaja S. N. Automated intellectual system with the short-duration nature of feedback. Life Science Journal. 2014. Vol. 11, No. 8s. pp. 302–306.
12. Shigin A. O. Adaptable rotary–feed mechanism of rock drilling machine for reduction of unpredictable loads in complicated-structure rock drilling. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2013. No. 7. pp. 79–83.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy