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ArticleName Flotation of low-grade gold- and carbon-bearing ore
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.02.13
ArticleAuthor Gurman M. A., Aleksandrova T. N., Shcherbak L. I.

Institute of Mining, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Khabarovsk, Russia:

M. A. Gurman, Senior Researcher, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,
L. I. Shcherbak, Senior Engineer-Mineralogist

Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:

T. N. Aleksandrova, Head of a Chair, Doctor of Engineering Sciences


The article presents the research findings on applicability of flotation methods in processing of lowgrade gold- and carbon-bearing ore of Durminskoe deposit. Percentage of sulfi des in the studied ore is 5–6%, and the basic sulfide mineral is pyrite. The gold content is 2.8 g/t. According to the analyses, the majority of gold (65%) is present in fine aggregates with quartz and sulfi des, and as fine dissemination in sulfide minerals. Gold particles are mostly under 0.05 mm in size. It is found that the ore contains free carbon adjacent to quartz metasomatites, disseminated or concentrated as strings and nests. The size of carbon-bearing inclusions is 0.01–0.05 mm. The carbon content of the ore: Сtotal – 0.78%, Сorg – 0.56%. It has experimentally been found that the ore shows moderate sorption activity toward the gold-andcyanide system. The presence of gold-bearing sulfides, readily floatable particles of fine metallic gold and carbon particles possessing natural floatability predetermined the ore processing by flotation. The efficiency of sequential flotation of carbon- and gold-bearing particles in order to extract the most rebellious part of the ore in the concentrate is proved experimentally. As against the bulk flotation, the sequential process flow ensures higher gold recovery in the concentrate by 1.97%, increased gold yield from 46.95 to 63.32 g/t and reduced volume of the concentrate to be sent for the further processing by 1.33%. It is found that the basic component of the gold-carbon-sulfide concentrate is pyrite with the content Сorg 1.22%. It is suggested to process the concentrate by calcination to ensure dissociation of gold-bearing sulfides and to depress carbon activity for the on-going cyanidation. The process flow diagram developed for the recovery of gold from the low-grade carbon-bearing Durminskoe ore combines the methods of the sequential flotation of carbon particles and gold-bearing sulfides and calcination of the gold-carbon-sulfide concentrate in order to neutralize sorption-active carbon, dissociate gold-bearing sulfides and improve cyanidation, and ensures the end-to-end gold recovery at the level of 90.66%.
This study has been supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Project No. 13-05-00422.

keywords Gold- and carbon-bearing ores, carbon particles, sorption activity, sequential flotation, gold recovery, combination process flow diagram

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