Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2015 →  #11 →  Back

ArticleName Pre-requisites for ecology-balanced cycle of comprehensive copper-pyrite ore development
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2015.11.08
ArticleAuthor Rylnikova M. V., Emelyanenko E. A.

IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

M. V. Rylnikova, Head of a Department1, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, e-mail:


Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russia:
E. A. Emelyanenko, Assistant Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences


The contemporary expansion of mineral mining and processing leads to gradual degradation of human environment. A strong source of anthropogenic contamination of nature in the Urals is waste of copper-pyrite ore mining and processing. Hypergenesis of sulfide mineralization that is a permanent process in dumps and tailings ponds causes uncontrolled spreading of sulfur, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, copper, zinc and other toxic elements in the human environment. This article discusses the possibility in principle to create a low-waste mine-technical system capable of mining waste processing, economic effect production and ecological impact mitigation. The authors list theoretical pre-requisites for transition to ecologically balanced development of copper-pyrite ore deposits in the Urals. The physicochemical technology of leaching of copper-pyrite ore mining and processing waste using underspoil water added with peat extract is proposed. The research findings on copper and zinc leaching from substandard quality ore at Molodezhny deposit, off-grade fraction of X-ray radiometric separation at Uchaly deposit and Uchaly processing plant waste are reported. It is proved that the application of the physicochemical technology to leaching of lowgrade, rebellious and substandard copper–pyrite ore and the associated mining waste using natural organic complexing agent as an enhancer is a promising trend of ecologically balanced subsoil development. Introduction of this technology into industry will allow expansion of supply of mining and processing plants in the Southern Urals, supplementary fabrication of metals and removal of metals from trade effluent, improvement of recovery of valuable components in solution and reduction in general acid consumption of leaching, and mitigation of impact on human environment.
The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, government contract No. 14-37-00050.

keywords Comprehensive subsoil development, ecological impact, environment protection, mining and processing waste, metal leaching

1. Packey D. J. Multiproduct mine output and the case of mining waste utilization. Resources Policy. 2012. Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 104–108.
2. Perepelitsyn V. A., Rytvin V. M., Koroteev V. A., Makarov A. B. et al. Tekhnogennoe mineralnoe syre Urala (Anthropogenic mineral raw materials of the Urals). Responsible editors: V. A. Koroteev, V. A. Perepelitsyn. Ekaterinburg: Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2013. 328 p.
3. Trubetskoy K. N. Printsipy obosnovaniya parametrov ustoychivogo i ekologicheski sbalansirovannogo osvoeniya mestorozhdeniy tverdykh poleznykh iskopaemykh (Principles of substantiation of parameters of sustainable and ecologically-balanced mastering of solid mineral deposits). Usloviya ustoychivogo funktsionirovaniya mineralno-syrevogo kompleksa Rossii : preprint (Conditions of stable functioning of mineral-resource complex of Russia : preprint). Moscow, 2014. Iss. 2. pp. 3–10.
4. Trubetskoy K. N., Galchenko Yu. P., Burtsev L. I. Ekologicheskie problemy osvoeniya nedr pri ustoychivom razvitii prirody i obshchestva (Ecological problems of soil mastering during the sustainable development of nature and society). Moscow : Nauchtekhlitizdat, 2003. 216 p.
5. Emlin E. F. Tekhnogenez kolchedannykh mestorozhdeniy Urala (Technogenesis of pyrite orebodies of the Urals). Sverdlovsk : Publishing House of Ural University, 1991. 256 p.
6. Rylnikova M. V., Gorbatova E. A., Emelyanenko E. A. Usloviya i protsessy vtorichnogo mineraloobrazovaniya pri ekspluatatsii mednokolchedannykh mestorozhdeniy (Conditions and processes of secondary mineral formation during the exploitation of coppersulphide deposits). Moscow : Research Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources (Russian Academy of Sciences), 2009. 185 p.
7. Petersen J. Heap leaching as a key technology for recovery of values from low-grade ores. A brief overview. Hydrometallurgy. 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2015.09.001.
8. Sinclair L., Thompson J. In situ leaching of copper: Challenges and future prospects. Hydrometallurgy. 2015. Vol. 157. pp. 306–324. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2015.08.022.
9. Akcil A. A preliminary research on acid pressure leaching of pyritic copper ore in Kure Copper Mine, Turkey. Minerals Engineering. 2002. Vol. 15, Iss. 12. pp. 1193–1197.
10. Dold B., Weibel L. Biogeometallurgical pre-mining characterization of ore deposits: An approach to increase sustainability in the mining process. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2013. Vol. 20, No. 11. pp. 7777–7786.
11. Chen T., Lei C., Yan B., Xiao X. Metal recovery from the copper sulfide tailing with leaching and fractional precipitation technology. Hydrometallurgy. 2014. Vol. 147–148. pp. 178–182. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2014.05.018.
12. De Oliveira D. M., Sobral L. G. S., Olson G. J., Olson S. B. Acid leaching of a copper ore by sulphur-oxidizing microorganisms. Hydrometallurgy. 2014. Vol. 147–148. pp. 223–227. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2014.05.019.
13. Rylnikova M. V., Emelyanenko, E. A., Angelova E. I. Primenenie prirodnykh kompleksonov dlya intensifikatsii protsessov vyshchelachivaniya otkhodov dobychi i pererabotki mednokolchedannykh rud (Application of natural complexing agents for intensification of processes of leaching of extraction and processing wastes of copper-sulphide ores). Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyy zhurnal = News of the Higher Institutions. Mining Journal. 2013. No. 7. pp. 107–112.
14. Orlov D. S. Guminovye veshchestva v biosfere (Humic degradation matter in biosphere). Sorosovskiy obshcheobrazovatelnyy zhurnal = Soros Educational Journal. 1997. No. 2. pp. 56–63.
15. Reyes-Bozo L., Godoy-Faúndez A., Herrera-Urbina R. et al. Greening Chilean copper mining operations through industrial ecology strategies. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2014. Vol. 84. pp. 1–9. DOI:

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy