Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2015 →  #10 →  Back

ArticleName Geomagnetic field analysis and directional drilling problem in the Arctic region
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2015.10.17
ArticleAuthor Gvishiani A. D., Lukianova R. Yu.

Author 1:
Name & Surname: Gvishiani A. D.
Company: Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia)
Work Position: Director
Scientific Degree: Academician RAS, Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Sciences

Author 2:
Name & Surname: Lukianova R. Yu.
Company: Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia)
Work Position: Principal Researcher
Scientific Degree: Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Sciences

Author 3:
Name & Surname: Soloviev A. A.
Company: Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia)
Work Position: Deputy Director for Science
Scientific Degree: Doctor of Physico-Mathematical Sciences


The authors describe theoretical and applied research of the magnetic field of the Earth in the Arctic region, carried out by the Geophysical Center RAS and aimed to solve the topical problem of ensuring accurate trajectory of directional oil/gas well drilling and underground positioning using magnetometer techniques. This technology is most efficient as magnetic deviation devices are sufficiently stable and can be used as bottom-hole navigation systems. However, at high latitudes of the Earth, underground positioning based on geomagnetic field in a well drilled at a high slope angle is obstructed due to specific structure of the geomagnetic field and powerful sporadic perturbations related with the solar activity. Geomagnetic perturbations during geomagnetic storms can cause intolerably high error in indications of downhole magnetometers and should be filtered. For monitoring of geomagnetic field alterations, a network of stations and observatories is being rapidly developed, including the highest standard INTERMAGNET. The Geophysical Center RAS takes an active part in arrangement of new observatories in Russia’s Arctic. To have correct local magnetic maps, the deviation of the real-time secular variations in the field intensity from the global statistical model is assessed and the trend of the deviations is followed. Based on the continuous measurements taken in the observatories, the amplitude and frequency of the sporadic perturbations of geomagnetic field due to magnetic storms are evaluated. In particular, the number of days when the amplitude of the perturbations exceeds threshold values set based on the standard accuracy of detection of the magnetic elements in a system of downhole magnetic measurements during drilling reaches a third part of a year and grows considerably in the period when the solar activity is maximum. In such periods, the sustention of the prescribed trajectory needs special correction to remove geomagnetic interference.

keywords Russia’s Arctic, oil/gas reserves, directional drilling, trajectory positioning, geomagnetic tracking, magnetic field of the Earth, elements and intensity of the field, magnetometers, perturbations, interference filtration

1. Gvishiani A., Lukianova R., Soloviev А., Khokhlov A. Survey of Geomagnetic Observations Made in the Northern Sector of Russia and New Methods for Analyzing Them. Surveys in Geophysics. 2014. Vol. 35, Iss. 5. pp. 1123–1154. DOI : 10.1007/s10712-014-9297-8
2. Gvishiani A. D., Lukyanova R. Yu. Geoinformatika i nablyudeniya magnitnogo polya Zemli: Rossiyskiy segment (Geoinformatics and observations of magnetic field of Earth: Russian segment). Fizika Zemli = Izvestiya. Physics of the Solid Earth. 2015. No. 2. pp. 3–20.
3. Yanovskiy B. M. Zemnoy magnetizm (Terrestrial magnetism). Leningrad: Leningrad State University, 1978. 592 p.
4. Chin W. C., Y. Su, L. Sheng, L. Li, et al. Measurement While Drilling (MWD) Signal Analysis, Optimization and Design. Salem, Massachusetts : Scrivener Publishing LLC, Wiley, 2014. 384 p.
5. Reay S., Allen W., Baillie O., Bowe J. et al. Space weather effects on drilling accuracy in the North Sea. Annales Geophysicae. 2005. Vol. 23. pp. 3081–3088.
6. Russell J. P., Shiells G., Kerridge D. J. Reduction of wellbore positional uncertainty through application of a new geomagnetic in-field referencing technique. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Technical Paper SPE-30452-MS, 1995. DOI:
7. Lukianova R., Mursula K., Kozlovsky A. Response of the polar magnetic field intensity to the exceptionally high solar wind streams in 2003. Geophysical Research Letters. 2012. Vol. 39. L04101. DOI: 10.10029/2011GL050420.
8. Gvishiani A. D., Zhalkovskiy E. A., Berezko A. E., Solovev A. A. et al. Atlas Glavnogo magnitnogo polya Zemli (Atlas of the Main magnetic field of Earth). Geodeziya i kartografiya = Geodesy and cartography. 2010. No. 4. pp. 33–38.
9. Solovev A. A., Khokhlov A. V., Zhalkovskiy E. A., Berezko A. E. et al. Atlas magnitnogo polya Zemli (Atlas of magnetic field of Earth). Under the editorship of A. D. Gvishiani, A. V. Frolov, V. B. Lapshin. Moscow : Geophysical Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, 2012. 364 p. 10.2205/2012Atlas_MPZ.
10. Finlay C. C., Maus S., Beggan C. D., Bondar T. N. et al. International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the eleventh generation. Geophysical Journal International. 2010. Vol. 183, Iss. 3. pp. 1216–1230. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04804.x.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy